The Lansdown was founded by ‘Lord Lasndowne’ in 1887 A.D., thus the place has been named after him. Lansdowne was originally a popular hill station with the Britishers. Lansdowne was a major place of the activities of freedom fighters from British Garhwal during British period. Nowadays, the famous Garhwal Rifles of the Indian Army had its command office here. 81 km. from Pauri, Lansdowne is situated at altitude of 1,706 meters on a hill, which was originally known as ‘Kaludanda’ in local language, enroute Kotware-Pauri road. The nearest railway station is Kotdwar at a distance of 41 km.
Lansdowne is a Military station developed by the Britishers, which is catering for the Recruits Training center of the Garhwal Rifles. The war memorial at the Parade Ground of the Garhwal Rifles Center is an attraction for the visitors. Area of the city is about 6.09 sq. km. Total population as per 1991 census is 7,106 with 4,415 male populations and 2,691 female population. The literacy percentage of the city is 89.58. The climate of the city is pleasent in summer, very cold in winter. The nearest airport is Jollygrant, a place near to Deharadun at a distance of 152 km. via Kotdwar-Haridwar road.
Surrounded by thick Oak and blue Pine forests, Lansdowne is a very charming place for a quiet holiday as it is devoid of the usual hustles and bustle of hill stations. Lansdowne has scenic beauty and good surroundings.
The pine and oak trees provide an healthy climate. The beautiful and refreshing points around the city are Tip-n-Top, Santoshi Mata Temple, Church Point. The excursions from the city are Tarkeshwar Mahadev temple, Bhairav Garhi temple etc. Annual ‘Shardotsav’ is also organized at this hill station during autumn season.